Amphetamine (contracted from alpha–methylphenethylamine) is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. I discovered amphetamine in 1887 and exists as two enantiomers: levo reddit adhd amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Amphetamine properly refers to a specific chemical, the racemic free base, which is equal parts of the two enantiomers, levo amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, in their pure amine forms. We frequently used informally the term to refer to any combination of the enantiomers, or to either of them alone. Historically, it has been used to treat nasal congestion and depression. We also used amphetamine as an athletic performance enhancer and cognitive enhancer, and recreationally as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant. It is a prescription drug in many countries, and unauthorized possession and distribution of amphetamine are often tightly controlled because of the significant health risks associated with recreational use.
Stimulants such as amphetamine (Adderall) and methylphenidate (Ritalin and Concerta) are used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Used under prescription, stimulants can be safe and effective.
Amphetamine sulphate, or speed, is also used for recreational and non-medical purposes. It can lead to euphoria, and it suppresses the appetite, which can lead to weight loss. Used outside the medical context, stimulants can have severe adverse effects.
In this article, we will look at amphetamine’s medical uses, its side effects, and how it is misused.
Amphetamine activates receptors in the brain and increases the activity of several neurotransmitters, especially norepinephrine and dopamine.
We associate dopamine with pleasure, movement, and attention.
We have trialed amphetamine for a wide variety of conditions. Now, it is mainly used to treat ADHD, and, rarely, depression. In the past, it has been used to treat narcolepsy and to help with weight loss, but this is less common now.