What is Codeine Sulfate and how is it used?
Codeine Sulfate is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of mild to moderately severe pain. We may use alone codeine Sulfate or with other medications.
Codeine Sulfate belongs to a class of drugs called Antitussives; Antitussives, Narcotic; Opioid Analgesics.
It is not known if Codeine Sulfate is safe and effective in children younger than 12 years of age.
What are the side effects of Codeine Sulfate?
Codeine Sulfate may cause serious side effects including:
- noisy breathing,
- shallow breathing.
- breathing that stops during sleep,
- slow heart rate,
- weak pulse.
- unusual thoughts or behavior,
- feeling extreme happiness or sadness,
- convulsions (seizure),
- problems with urination,
- loss of appetite,
- worsening tiredness or weakness,
- fast heart rate,
- muscle stiffness,
- loss of coordination, and
Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.
The most common side effects of Codeine Sulfate include:
- feeling dizzy.
- vomiting, and
- stomach pain
Codeine sulfate is an opioid analgesic showed for the relief of mild to moderately severe pain where the use of an opioid analgesic is appropriate.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The same principles that apply to the use of similar opioid analgesics should govern selection of patients for treatment with codeine sulfate. Physicians should individualize treatment in every case, using non-opioid analgesics, opioids on an as needed basis and/or combination products, and chronic opioid therapy in a progressive plan of pain management.
Individualization Of Dosage
As with any opioid drug product, adjust the dosing regimen for each patient individually, considering the patient’s prior analgesic treatment experience. In the selection of the initial dose of codeine sulfate, attention should be given to:
- the total daily dose, potency and specific characteristics of the opioid the patient has been taking previously;
- the reliability of the relative potency estimate used to calculate the equivalent codeine sulfate dose needed;
- the patient’s opioid tolerance;
- the general condition and medical status of the patient; tylenol 3
- concurrent medications;
- the type and severity of the patient’s pain;
- risk factors for abuse, addiction or diversion, including a prior history of abuse, addiction or diversion. Tylenol 3
The following dosing recommendations, therefore, can only be considered suggested approaches to what is actually a series of clinical decisions over time in the pain’s management of each individual patient.
Continual re-evaluation of the patient receiving codeine sulfate is important, with special attention to the maintenance of pain control and the relative incidence of side effects associated with therapy. During chronic therapy, especially for non-cancer-related pain, we should the continued need for the use of opioid analgesics-assessed.
During periods of changing analgesic requirements, including initial titration, we recommend frequent contact between physician, other members of the healthcare team, the patient, and the caregiver/family.
Initiation Of Therapy
The usual adult dosage for tablets is 15 mg to 60 mg repeated up to every four hours as needed for pain. The maximum 24-hour dose is 360 mg.
We should titrate the initial dose based upon the individual patient’s response to their initial dose of codeine. This dose can then be adjusted to an acceptable level of analgesia taking into account the improvement in pain intensity and the tolerability of the codeine by the patient.
We should keep it in mind, however, that tolerance to codeine sulfate can develop with continued use and that the incidence of untoward effects is dose-related. We associate adult doses of codeine higher than 60 mg cannot give commensurate relief of pain and with an appreciably increased incidence of undesirable side effects.
Cessation Of Therapy
When the patient no longer requires therapy with codeine sulfate, we should taper gradually does to prevent signs and symptoms of withdrawal in the physically dependent patient. tylenol 3
Serious adverse reactions associated with codeine are respiratory depression and, to a lesser degree, circulatory depression, respiratory arrest, shock, and cardiac arrest.
The most frequently observed adverse reactions with codeine administration include drowsiness, lightheadedness, dizziness, sedation, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sweating, and constipation.
Other less frequently observed adverse reactions expected from opioid analgesics, including codeine sulfate, include:
Skin and Appendages: rash, sweating, urticaria